1. Signaling Pathways
  2. Anti-infection
  3. SARS-CoV

SARS-CoV

SARS coronavirus

SARS-CoV is the coronavirus (CoV) that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). CoVs are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA and can cause health-threatening outbreaks by targeting human respiratory system, including not only SARS, but also Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and SARS-CoV-2 (the cause of COVID-19).

CoVs have four main structural proteins: spike(S), membrane (M), envelope (E), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. An S protein mediates the CoV entry into host cells by attaching to a cellular receptor (ACE2 for SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, DPP4 for MERS-CoV), followed by fusion between virus and host cell membranes. Genome replication and subgenomic RNA transcription after entry carry on with the participation of many nonstructural proteins such as Mpro (main protease or 3CLpro), PLpro (papain-like protease) and RdRp (RNA-dependent RNA polymerase). Then the structural proteins are translated, assembled into mature virions, and released via vesicles by exocytosis. It is worth mentioning that a protease called TMPRSS2 (transmembrane protease, serine 2) play important roles throughout the whole life of CoVs (such as attachment, assembling and release) by cleaving S protein. All the proteins and subcellular structures participated in the life cycle of CoVs are promising targets for treatment of disease caused by CoVs.

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine
    Inhibitor 99.82%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
    Chloroquine
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone
    Inhibitor 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist, apoptosis inducer, and common disease inducer in experimental animals, constructing models of muscle atrophy, hypertension, and depression. Dexamethasone can inhibit the production of inflammatory miRNA-155 exosomes in macrophages and significantly reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in neutrophils and monocytes. Dexamethasone also has potential for use in COVID-19 research.
    Dexamethasone
  • HY-13433
    Thapsigargin
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, is an inhibitor of microsomal Ca2+-ATPase. Thapsigargin efficiently inhibits coronavirus (HCoV-229E, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2) replication in different cell types.
    Thapsigargin
  • HY-138170
    ALC-0315
    99.81%
    ALC-0315 is an ionisable aminolipid that is responsible for mRNA compaction and aids mRNA cellular delivery and its cytoplasmic release through suspected endosomal destabilization. ALC-0315 can be used to form lipid nanoparticle (LNP) delivery vehicles. Lipid-Nanoparticles have been used in the research of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
    ALC-0315
  • HY-15463
    Imatinib
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Imatinib (STI571) is an orally bioavailable tyrosine kinases inhibitor that selectively inhibits BCR/ABL, v-Abl, PDGFR and c-kit kinase activity. Imatinib (STI571) works by binding close to the ATP binding site, locking it in a closed or self-inhibited conformation, therefore inhibiting the enzyme activity of the protein semicompetitively. Imatinib also is an inhibitor of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.
    Imatinib
  • HY-107931
    Propiolactone
    Inhibitor 99.36%
    Propiolactone (β-propiolactone; 2-Oxetanone) is a viral chemical inactivator that causes the infectious inactivation of viruses. Propiolactone was co-incubated with SARS-CoV at a ratio of 1:1000 (v:v) and used as a bacteriostatic agent to formulate the BPL-inactivated influenza virus vaccine (Flu-BPL).
    Propiolactone
  • HY-156655A
    Olgotrelvir sodium
    Inhibitor
    Olgotrelvir sodium is an orally active dual inhibitor of coronavirus main protease (Mpro) and human cell cathepsin (Cathepsin L). Olgotrelvir sodium can effectively inhibit both SARS-CoV-2 replication and entry into host cells.
    Olgotrelvir sodium
  • HY-100442S1
    Paquinimod-d5-1
    Inhibitor 98.19%
    Paquinimod-d5-1 is a deuterated analog of Paquinimod (HY-100442). Paquinimod (ABR 215757) is a specific and orally active inhibitor of S100A8/S100A9. Paquinimod rescues the pneumonia with substantial reduction of viral loads in SARS-CoV-2-infected mice.
    Paquinimod-d<sub>5</sub>-1
  • HY-138687
    Nirmatrelvir
    Inhibitor 99.93%
    Nirmatrelvir (PF-07321332) is a potent and orally active SARS-CoV 3C-like protease (3CLPRO) inhibitor. Nirmatrelvir (PF-07321332) targets to the SARS-CoV-2 virus and can be used for COVID-19 research.
    Nirmatrelvir
  • HY-17589
    Chloroquine phosphate
    Inhibitor 99.89%
    Chloroquine phosphate is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine phosphate is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine phosphate is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM).
    Chloroquine phosphate
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin
    Inhibitor 99.55%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
    Aloxistatin
  • HY-104077
    Remdesivir
    Inhibitor 99.95%
    Remdesivir (GS-5734), a nucleoside analogue with effective antiviral activity, has EC50s of 3.3 μM, 4.7 μM, 32 μM, 3.7 μM and 9.2 μM for SARS-CoV-2 and its variants alpha, beta, gamma and delta, respectively. Remdesivir is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro.
    Remdesivir
  • HY-B0180
    Imiquimod
    Inhibitor 99.96%
    Imiquimod (R 837), an immune response modifier, is a selective toll like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Imiquimod exhibits antiviral and antitumor effects in vivo. Imiquimod can be used for the research of external genital, perianal warts, cancer and COVID-19.
    Imiquimod
  • HY-100442
    Paquinimod
    Inhibitor 99.91%
    Paquinimod (ABR 215757) is a specific and orally active inhibitor of S100A8/S100A9. Paquinimod rescues the pneumonia with substantial reduction of viral loads in SARS-CoV-2-infected mice.
    Paquinimod
  • HY-W031727
    Hydroxychloroquine
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is a synthetic oral antimalarial drug that can be used in the study of malaria and autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine is a potent autophagic flux inhibitor with antiviral activity (such as SARS-CoV-2 virus) that inhibits Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling.
    Hydroxychloroquine
  • HY-108325
    Brequinar
    Inhibitor 99.75%
    Brequinar (DUP785) is a potent inhibitor of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) with an IC50 of 5.2 nM for human DHODH. Brequinar has potent activities against a broad spectrum of viruses. Brequinar also has an anti-SARS2 activity.
    Brequinar
  • HY-101563
    GSK3326595
    99.97%
    GSK3326595 is a protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) inhibitor. GSK3326595 decreases SARS-CoV-2 infection, inhibits cancer cell proliferation and induces pro-inflammatory macrophage polarization and increases hepatic triglyceride levels without affecting atherosclerosis. GSK3326595 can be used for research of relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma.
    GSK3326595
  • HY-135853
    Molnupiravir
    Inhibitor 99.94%
    Molnupiravir (EIDD-2801) is an orally bioavailable proagent of the ribonucleoside analog EIDD-1931. Molnupiravir has broad spectrum antiviral activity against influenza virus and multiple coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV. Molnupiravir has the potential for the research of COVID-19, and seasonal and pandemic influenza.
    Molnupiravir
  • HY-B1370
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
    Inhibitor 99.99%
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ sulfate) is a synthetic antimalarial agent which can also inhibit Toll-like receptor 7/9 (TLR7/9) signaling. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate is efficiently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection in vitro.
    Hydroxychloroquine sulfate
  • HY-B1123
    Auranofin
    Inhibitor ≥98.0%
    Auranofin (SKF-39162) is a thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.2 μM. Auranofin exhibits antiviral activity against SARS-CoV21, with a CC50 of 4.2 μM for monkey kidney Vero E6 cells.
    Auranofin
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Species Source
Cat. No. Product Name / Synonyms Application Reactivity